Managing your irrigation can be tricky, especially if you have various plants mixed in with your lawn. If giving each plant the right amount of water isn’t challenging enough, you also have to think about how much shade you get compared to sunshine or the average rainfall to help get the irrigation right.
Becoming a master of irrigation management means you’ll have healthier plants while saving water – and if you do it right, it can be less work.
Three Types of Irrigation Systems
Irrigation comes in a few different forms, and what you go with will depend on your experience and landscape needs. Here are a few options for you to consider:
1. Drip Irrigation
A system of tubing and emitters, drip irrigation is one of the most efficient methods of irrigation. In fact, it’s 90% efficient at watering plants compared to the 65-75% efficiency of sprinklers.
Installing drip irrigation takes some planning, but once in place, it will save you water, especially if you’re maintaining perennials, trees, shrubs, or an edible garden. Drip irrigation slowly releases water which helps reduce runoff and is ideal in areas with water restrictions.
2. Soaker Hose
A close cousin to drip irrigation, soaker hoses are a less expensive alternative and are often made of recycled materials. Soaker hoses slowly release water directly to the roots and at an even rate that cuts down evaporation.
Unlike drip irrigation, soakers don’t take much planning to get started. You simply unroll the hose around plants when you water, making it an ideal option if you don’t want the hassle of a drip system.
3. Sprinkler Systems
Sprinkler systems are a step above hand watering. While not as precise as drip irrigation, sprinklers can be ideal if you’re trying to sustain a lawn. Modern sprinklers run on timers, controllers, and moisture systems to reduce water waste. There are also high efficiency spray nozzles and bodies to help reduce misting, which increases effectiveness of water delivery.
Automation: Irrigation Made Easy
We’ve outlined a few options for irrigation systems, but that’s only the beginning. By using controllers and timers, you can automate watering, set up zones for groups of plants with similar needs, and abide by municipal watering guidelines.
Timers connect directly to the water source and let you regulate the release of water. Installing timers gives you peace of mind knowing your landscaping will always be consistently watered. Just remember to install a rain sensor to avoid doubling up on water during rainy days.
Controllers are another excellent tool for irrigation management. You can use one with sprinklers or drip irrigation through a valve system. With a controller, you’re able to set up zones for plants with similar water requirements.
So if you have a mix of succulents, edible gardens, and grass, a controller will allow you to meet the needs of each one easily.
Other Factors to Consider